Understanding The Four Factors Of Diamond

Understanding The Four Factors Of Diamond


Carat Weight helps us to answer the question, “How big is the diamond?” A carat is a measurement that jewelers use to calculate the size of the stone. The larger the carat weight, the higher the price, because larger diamonds are more rare.

If you see a ring that is described as “total carat weight,” this is the sum of all the diamonds in the ring added up. A smart way to get a larger overall ring on a smaller budget is to choose one with several diamonds instead of just one solitaire. For example, a 2-carat total weight diamond ring with a smaller center stone and several side diamonds is generally much less expensive than a 2-carat solitaire, even though it offers the same amount of carat weight.

As important as it is for the overall the size of the diamond isn’t the only aspect determining the quality and cost of the stone. Another important C is…


The cut of a diamond varies greatly from one to the next, and the price changes with it. The round cut is the most common cut, but other, more exotic cuts like the brilliant or cushion cut may be more expensive. This is because it takes longer to make more complex cuts and these cuts demand a higher quality stone in order to showcase the expected fire and sparkle.

The other aspect of this C refers to the quality of a cut. According to the GIA, the cut of a diamond is graded from “excellent” to “poor.” Each diamond shape has set proportions that it should respect in order to maximize its shiny qualities. The cuts that fit these dimensions rank higher up on the scale. For example, shallow cut diamonds, though they may look larger from the top, are an example of a less-than-perfect cut.


Carat weight and cut are joined by Clarity in properly reviewing a diamond’s quality. Stones are rarely perfect, even if it looks flawless to the naked eye. During their formation, diamonds develop small inclusions and imperfections inside, and the presence or lack of these are measured by “clarity.”

It’s important to note that even a slightly included stone can provide exquisite brilliance and make a bold statement. It won’t be as transparent, fiery or expensive, as a stone with a higher grade. Aim to buy as clear a stone as your budget will allow for optimum opulence.


Finally, the fourth C of color comes into play. Most diamond shoppers can see if a diamond is nearly colorless or if it has an off-white hue.

The diamond color scale starts at D, or colorless, and ends at Z, which is a light-yellow color. Diamonds on the lower end of the scale – especially D, E and F – are practically lacking in color, which enhances the diamond’s overall dazzle. The cost of these diamonds reflects their rarity. Buyers on a budget may look at stones in the G or H category to invest in a more cost-effective stone.

Ready to start your search for the perfect stone? Take a look at Sakshi Jewels